Percy Lavon Julian (April 11, 1899, Montgomery, Al. – April 19, 1975, Waukegan, Illinois) was a U.S. research chemist and a pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal drugs from plants. He was the first to synthesize the natural product physostigmine, and a pioneer in the industrial large-scale chemical synthesis of the human hormones,steroids, progesterone, and testosterone, from plant sterols such as stigmasterol and sitosterol. His work would lay the foundation for the steroid drug industry’s production of cortisone, other corticosteroids, and birth control pills.
He later started his own company to synthesize steroid intermediates from the Mexican wild yam. His work helped greatly reduce the cost of steroid intermediates to large multinational pharmaceutical companies, helping to significantly expand the use of several important drugs.
During his lifetime he received more than 130 chemical patents. Julian was one of the first African-Americans to receive a doctorate in chemistry. He was the first African-American chemist inducted into the National Academy of Sciences, and the second African-American scientist inducted from any field.
Solomon and the Queen of Sheba Worshiping an Idol
Die Blumen der Tugend (215 fols.), fol. 6 sup r
Illumination on paper
Page height: 280 mm. Page width: 193 mm.
The Image of the Black in Western Art Research Project and Photo Archive, W.E.B. Du Bois Institute for African and African American Research, Harvard University
I do not think i can ever get over how FRIGGIN CUTE this Queen of Sheba is.
One of my all time faves.
I hope many other brothas and sistas read this. There were over 300 documented slave uprisings(generally defined as 10 or more slaves) in the United States. There were over 40 documented marroons(runaway slave communities) in the United States.
In 1691, A slave named Mingoe, who had fled his master in Middlesex County, Virginia, gathered a large number of followers and ravaged plantations, particularly in Rappahannock County. They were recorded to not only have taken cattle and hogs, but “two guns, a Carbyne & other things.”
And there’s many more, but we don’t talk about it. We don’t talk about it because we are not taught about it. We are taught about failed slave rebellions, we are taught runaway slaves had to rely on white abolitionist help and the Underground Rail Road.
These are the type of narratives that i’m demanding to be told. It’s not a denial of white or Native American involvement in helping the cause of enslaved Africans, its a call to broaden the traditional narrative of how we talk about slavery to include successful slave rebellions, insurrections, attacks and escapes.
If we don’t demand the full story to be told, who else will?
well damn, I didn’t even know there were Afro-Mexicans
I didn’t know there were Afro-Mexicans either, until I happened to catch a documentary on PBS called “Black in Latin America.” There are also Afro-Peruvians too. It was a real eye opener.
I’m going to have to watch that documentary.